Several countries have legalized online gambling, and they have done so for various reasons, including economic benefits, regulation and control, and consumer protection. Here are some examples:

Countries that have Legalized Online Gambling

  1. United Kingdom:
  • Reason for Legalization: The UK legalized online gambling to regulate the industry, protect consumers, and generate tax revenue. The Gambling Act 2005 established a comprehensive framework for licensing and regulation.
      2. Australia:
  • Reason for Legalization: Online gambling is partially legal in Australia, with strict regulations to protect consumers and ensure fair play. The Interactive Gambling Act 2001 governs the industry.
      3. Canada:
  • Reason for Legalization: Some provinces, like British Columbia and Quebec, have legalized and regulated online gambling to offer a safe and controlled environment for residents. This also helps to boost local economies.
     4. Malta:
  • Reason for Legalization: Malta is known for its robust online gambling regulatory framework. The Malta Gaming Authority licenses and regulates operators, making it a hub for online gaming companies. The industry significantly contributes to the Maltese economy.
    5. Italy:
  • Reason for Legalization: Italy legalized online gambling to combat illegal gambling and protect consumers. The Italian government regulates the industry to ensure fairness and transparency.
   6. Spain:
  • Reason for Legalization: Spain legalized online gambling to generate tax revenue and regulate the market. The Spanish Gaming Act of 2011 established the framework for licensing and regulation.
  7. New Jersey (USA):
  • Reason for Legalization: New Jersey legalized online gambling to boost the state's economy and generate tax revenue. The state has a comprehensive regulatory framework to ensure consumer protection and fair play.

Reasons for Legalization

Economic Benefits: Legalizing online gambling can generate significant tax revenue and create jobs, boosting local economies. For instance, the UK and New Jersey have seen substantial economic benefits from regulated online gambling markets.

Regulation and Control: Legalization allows governments to regulate the industry, ensuring fair play, preventing fraud, and combating illegal gambling activities. This control also extends to protecting minors and vulnerable individuals from gambling-related harm.

Consumer Protection: A regulated online gambling industry provides a safer environment for consumers. Regulations ensure that operators adhere to standards of fairness and transparency, and provide mechanisms for dispute resolution.

Technological Advancements: The rise of the internet and technological advancements have made online gambling more accessible. Legalizing it allows governments to harness these developments within a controlled and safe framework.

Tourism and International Investment: Countries like Malta have capitalized on online gambling by attracting international operators, boosting tourism, and increasing foreign investment.

In summary, the legalization of online gambling in various countries is driven by a combination of economic incentives, the need for regulatory control, consumer protection, and the potential for technological and international investment benefits.


Obesity refers to a medical condition characterized by an excessive amount of body fat. It is typically measured using the Body Mass Index (BMI), where a BMI of 30 or higher is classified as obese. Obesity can result from a combination of factors, including genetics, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and certain medical conditions. It is associated with a higher risk of various health issues, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain cancers. Managing obesity often involves lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthier diet, increasing physical activity, and sometimes medical interventions.

Causes of Obesity

Obesity is a complex condition with multiple contributing factors. Here are some of the primary causes:

 1. Genetic Factors

•  Heredity: Genes can influence how your body processes food into energy and how fat is stored.
•  Family Lifestyle: Families tend to have similar eating and activity habits.

 2. Behavioral Factors

•  Diet: High-calorie, low-nutrient foods, and beverages contribute significantly to weight gain.
•  Physical Inactivity: Sedentary lifestyles lead to fewer calories being burned.
•  Eating Patterns: Eating large portions, frequent snacking, and irregular meal times can affect weight.

 3. Environmental Factors

•  Accessibility of Healthy Foods: Limited access to healthy foods and beverages.
•  Community Design: Lack of safe places to exercise can discourage physical activity.
•  Socioeconomic Status: Low-income families may have less access to healthy foods and opportunities for physical activity.

 4. Psychological Factors

•  Stress and Emotional Factors: Some people eat more than usual when bored, angry, stressed, or upset.
•  Mental Health Conditions: Conditions like depression can lead to weight gain due to changes in appetite and physical activity levels.

5. Medical Factors

•  Diseases: Certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and Cushing's syndrome, can lead to weight gain.
•  Medications: Some medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and corticosteroids, can cause weight gain as a side effect.

 6. Societal Factors

•  Advertising: Aggressive marketing of unhealthy foods.
•  Cultural Norms: Cultural attitudes towards body weight and diet can influence eating habits and body image.

 7. Other Factors

•  Sleep: Lack of sleep can disrupt the balance of hunger hormones and lead to overeating.
•  Age:  Metabolism tends to slow down with age, making it easier to gain weight.
•  Quitting Smoking: Weight gain can occur when people quit smoking due to changes in metabolism and increased appetite.

Prevention and Management

• Healthy Eating: Emphasizing a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
• Regular Physical Activity: Engaging in regular physical activity to burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
• Behavioral Changes: Developing healthier eating habits and coping mechanisms for stress and emotions.
• Medical Support: Seeking medical advice for managing underlying health conditions and medication side effects.

Addressing obesity often requires a multifaceted approach, taking into account the various individual and societal factors that contribute to it.

Why is online gambling still widespread even though there are criminal regulations?

The gambling phenomenon has been around for a long time. Nowadays, developments in science and technology have led to the emergence of new ways of gambling, namely online. This can happen because there are facilities and media that make it easier for people to access sites and applications that have elements of gambling.

In Indonesia, gambling is prohibited in Article 27 paragraph 2 in conjunction with Article 45 paragraph 2 of the Information and Electronic Transactions Law (UU ITE). Parties who intentionally distribute or make online gambling accessible are threatened with imprisonment for a maximum of 6 years and/or a fine of a maximum of IDR 1 billion. Apart from that, Article 303 of the Criminal Code imposes a maximum prison sentence of 4 years and/or a criminal fine of a maximum of IDR 10 million for gambling players.

Even though it has been prohibited by Indonesian law, online gambling is still widely found in society. Viewed from a legal sociology perspective, the series of criminal regulations that ensnare online gamblers have apparently not been effective in becoming a tool of social control over society.

The definition of legal effectiveness can be interpreted as a measurement of the value of the ability of a legal rule to achieve its objectives as determined by the purpose for which the law was created. The success of a legal rule in achieving its goals can be measured by looking at how the law succeeds in regulating people's behavior.

As academics in the legal field, we are trying to analyze to find out why it is difficult to eradicate online gambling in Indonesia.

By using non-doctrinal or empirical legal research methods carried out using a statutory approach and a sociological approach, we found that there are at least four factors that can influence the effectiveness of the law, namely the legal rules themselves, supporting facilities for law enforcement, community factors, and cultural factors.

Online gambling continues to be widespread for several reasons, despite regulations aimed at curbing its prevalence:

  1. Accessibility: The internet has made gambling more accessible than ever before. Anyone with an internet connection can participate, regardless of their location, and this ease of access contributes to its widespread popularity.
  2. Anonymity: Online gambling offers a level of anonymity that traditional brick-and-mortar casinos cannot match. Players can gamble from the privacy of their own homes without the fear of judgment or stigma.
  3. Convenience: Online gambling allows individuals to gamble at any time and from any location with internet access, eliminating the need to travel to physical casinos. This convenience appeals to many people who may not have the time or inclination to visit traditional gambling establishments.
  4. Variety of Options: Online gambling platforms offer a wide variety of games, ranging from traditional casino games like poker and blackjack to sports betting and virtual slot machines. This variety caters to a broad range of preferences, attracting a diverse audience.
  5. Technological Advancements: Advances in technology have made online gambling platforms more sophisticated and secure, offering immersive and engaging experiences for players. Additionally, innovations such as mobile gambling apps have further expanded the reach of online gambling.
  6. Global Nature: Online gambling transcends geographical boundaries, allowing players from around the world to participate in the same games and competitions. This global reach increases the size of the player pool and the potential winnings, making online gambling more appealing to many individuals.
  7. Regulatory Challenges: Despite efforts to regulate online gambling, enforcement can be challenging due to the borderless nature of the internet. Different jurisdictions have varying regulations and enforcement mechanisms, leading to loopholes that can be exploited by both operators and players.
  8. Economic Incentives: Online gambling can be a lucrative industry for operators, generating significant revenue through various means such as subscription fees, advertising, and in-game purchases. These economic incentives drive the proliferation of online gambling platforms despite regulatory hurdles.
  9. Overall, the combination of accessibility, anonymity, convenience, variety, technological advancements, global reach, regulatory challenges, and economic incentives contributes to the widespread popularity of online gambling despite criminal regulations.  

What Are The Laws In Indonesia Regarding Gambling?

 What Are The Laws In Indonesia Regarding Gambling? 

Gambling law in Indonesia is generally prohibited. Article 303 of the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP) regulates that "Anyone who organizes a gambling game is threatened with imprisonment for a maximum of 10 years or a fine of a maximum of IDR 25 million."

On a national level, Indonesia has no legal casinos, and all forms of gambling are prohibited, including games such as poker, blackjack, and slot machines. The national lottery is the only form of gambling permitted in Indonesia, and is regulated by the local Regional Financial and Asset Management Agency (BPKAD).

Apart from criminal law, Indonesia also has the Information and Electronic Transactions Law (UU ITE) which provides a legal basis for preventing and taking action against online gambling. In recent years, the Indonesian government government has stepped up efforts to block online gambling sites and monitor illegal gambling-related financial transactions.

It is important to note that laws may change, and interpretation or enforcement of laws may vary. Therefore, it is highly recommended to keep up to date with the latest legal information or consult local legal experts if you have specific questions or concerns regarding gambling in Indonesia.

The Indonesian government has taken several steps to tackle gambling in the country. Some of the efforts that have been made include:

Gambling Prohibition: The Indonesian government officially prohibits gambling in any form, including physical casinos and online gambling games. This prohibition is regulated in Law Number 7 of 1974 concerning Gambling.

Legal Enforcement: Authorities, such as the police and other law enforcement officials, take action against illegal gambling practices. They carry out raids and investigations to take action against the perpetrators and organizers of illegal gambling.

Block Online Gambling Sites: The Indonesian government has taken steps to block access to illegal online gambling sites. This is done in collaboration with internet service providers and telecommunications operators.

Public Outreach and Education: The government is also making efforts to socialize and educate the public about the negative impacts of gambling. This campaign aims to increase public awareness of the risks and consequences of involvement in gambling activities.

International Cooperation: The Indonesian government is involved in international cooperation to combat illegal cross-border gambling. This involves exchanging information and coordinating with other countries to crack down on illegal gambling effectively.

Development of Economic Alternatives: One long-term approach is to develop economic alternatives for communities involved in illegal gambling. By providing better economic opportunities, it is hoped to reduce the incentive to engage in gambling activities.

It is important to remember that dealing with problem gambling requires a comprehensive approach involving various parties, including government, society and the private sector. Despite these efforts, challenges in addressing gambling remain, and there is a need for continued efforts to address this problem.

Causes of Gambling Addiction: Why is Gambling Rampant in the Current Era?

Causes of Gambling Addiction: Why is Gambling Rampant in the Current Era? 

Gambling addiction, also known as compulsive gambling or pathological gambling, is a condition characterized by an inability to control one's gambling behavior despite negative consequences. Several factors contribute to the development of gambling addiction. Here are some common causes:

Biological Factors:

Genetics: Individuals with a family history of gambling problems may be more susceptible to developing an addiction. Genetic factors can contribute to a person's vulnerability to addictive behaviors.
Psychological Factors:

Mental Health Disorders: Conditions such as depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorder can increase the risk of developing a gambling addiction. Gambling may be used as a way to cope with emotional or psychological distress.

Personality Traits: Certain personality traits, such as impulsivity, sensation-seeking, and a tendency towards risk-taking behavior, can be associated with an increased likelihood of developing a gambling problem.

Trauma or Stress: Experiencing traumatic events or high levels of stress may lead some individuals to seek relief through gambling, which can eventually turn into a compulsive behavior.

Social and Environmental Factors:

Peer Influence: Social relationships and peer pressure can play a role in the development of gambling habits. If friends or family members are involved in gambling, an individual may be more likely to engage in similar activities.

Accessibility: Easy access to gambling opportunities, whether through physical venues or online platforms, can contribute to the development and escalation of gambling problems.

Cultural and Social Acceptance: Societal attitudes toward gambling and its normalization can influence an individual's perception of the behavior, making it more acceptable and potentially leading to addiction.

Neurobiological Factors:

Brain Chemistry: Changes in brain chemistry, such as alterations in the reward system, may contribute to the development of addiction. Gambling can trigger the release of neurotransmitters like dopamine, creating a pleasurable sensation that reinforces the behavior.

Financial Factors:

Financial Stress: The desire to overcome financial difficulties or to achieve a quick financial gain can drive individuals to gamble excessively. However, this often exacerbates financial problems and leads to a cycle of compulsive gambling.
It's important to note that the development of gambling addiction is usually multifaceted, involving a combination of these factors. Treatment for gambling addiction often involves a combination of therapy, support groups, and, in some cases, medication to address underlying issues and promote recovery.

How to Quit Online Gambling: Attain Peaceful and Healthy Living  

Online gambling Online gambling can have detrimental effects on one's life, leading to financial strain, emotional distress, and overall well-being challenges. Quitting this habit is a courageous decision that paves the way for a more serene and healthy existence. In this guide, we'll explore steps to help you break free from online gambling and reclaim a tranquil and robust life.

Acknowledge the Issue:

The first step towards overcoming any addiction is acknowledging the problem. Reflect on the negative impact of online gambling on your life, both financially and emotionally. Understanding the consequences is crucial for motivating change.

Seek Support:

Don't face this challenge alone. Reach out to friends, family, or support groups that can provide encouragement and understanding. Sharing your journey with others can create a support system to lean on during tough times.

Set Clear Goals:

Establish specific and realistic goals for quitting. Whether it's a financial target, a timeframe, or personal achievements, having clear objectives helps maintain focus and motivation throughout the recovery process.

Block Access:

Take practical steps to limit access to online gambling platforms. Utilize website blockers or self-exclusion programs provided by gambling operators to prevent impulsive decisions.

Manage Finances:
Regain control over your finances by creating a budget and tracking your spending. Consider seeking professional financial advice to help organize your resources and address any outstanding debts caused by gambling.

Identify Triggers:

Recognize situations or emotions that trigger the urge to gamble. Develop coping mechanisms, such as engaging in hobbies, exercise, or mindfulness, to redirect your focus and manage stress without resorting to gambling.

Replace Gambling with Positive Activities:

Find alternative activities that bring joy and fulfillment. Pursue hobbies, socialize with friends, or invest time in personal development. Replacing gambling with positive habits helps fill the void and rebuild a healthier lifestyle.

Professional Help:

Consider seeking professional assistance through therapy or counseling. A mental health professional can provide valuable insights, coping strategies, and emotional support tailored to your specific situation.

Stay Accountable:

Regularly check in with your support system and share your progress. Being accountable to others helps reinforce your commitment to quitting and provides an additional layer of encouragement.

Celebrate Milestones:

Acknowledge and celebrate your achievements along the way. Whether it's a week, a month, or a year without gambling, recognizing your milestones reinforces your commitment and motivates continued progress.


Quitting online gambling requires determination, support, and a strategic approach. By following these steps, you can embark on a journey towards a more tranquil and healthy life, free from the grips of online gambling addiction. Remember, every small step forward is a significant victory in reclaiming control over your well-being.

Johnson Juanda, King of Gambling from Indonesia

 Johnson Juanda, King of Gambling from Indonesia 

Who is Johnson Juanda? Here we will explain in detail who and where Johnson Juanda comes from. Born on July 8 1971 in Medan, North Sumatra, this man named Johnson Juanda has become a respected figure and a topic of conversation in the world of international gambling.

It started in 1990 when John Juanda decided to leave Indonesia to continue his postgraduate studies at Oklahoma State University in America. John then continued his Master's studies and obtained an MBA from Seattle University, United States in 1996.

John, who has been familiar with the world of gambling since childhood because he grew up in a family that was often involved in it, feels familiar with gambling. John knew very well how his father often gambled and drank alcohol since he was little. This made him realize that his father lost at gambling because he drank too much alcohol.

This was the reason why John always refused to drink alcohol when gambling. However, every time John gambled, he always ordered alcoholic drinks and gave them to his co-stars.

When John was working on his Master's degree at Seattle University, he started his interest in the US gambling industry by playing poker at a nearby casino on campus.

Starting from that time, John began to explore the world of gambling in the United States and succeeded in winning several championships. In 1999, John took part in the World Series of Poker (WSOP) competition for the first time and placed ninth, taking home a prize of $15 thousand. Within four months in the same tournament, John managed to rank seventh and win USD$ 399,600.

In the period from 1999 to 2014, John managed to win five times at the World Series of Poker (WSOP). To be precise in 2002, 2003, 2008, 2011, and most recently 2014.

John managed to win a prize of USD$ 2,330,926 or the equivalent of IDR 28 billion thanks to his success in winning the WSOP title five times. In 2015, John was honored as an elected member of the Poker Hall of Fame and selected to represent the 50th group.

His work in various world poker tournaments has enabled John to collect more than USD$ 17 million or around IDR 240 billion. Starting from poker tournaments in America, England, Spain, to Australia. Wallowing in wealth, John prefers to live in Marina del Rey, southern California.

Reporting from pokernewsdaily, John is also known to often play poker with Hollywood celebrities in California. Among them, Ben Affleck, Tobey Maguire and the creator of the cartoon character The Simpsons, namely Sam Simon.

John admits that his success in various international poker competitions and the abundant wealth he has cannot be denied the help of God

Thus, John hopes that in his retirement, after leaving behind a life of gambling and playing poker, he wishes to provide free medical care and treatment services to people in need.

How to Get Out of the Snare of Online Gambling for Young People

How to Get Out of the Snare of Online Gambling for Young People

Online gambling is a bad habit that harms the body. Apart from draining property, online gambling can also attack mental health. In medical terms, online gambling addiction is called "pathologic gambling". Gambling addiction is a problem that is classified as an addiction disorder in the field of psychiatry and is classified as a behavioral addiction.

This means that, like drug or alcohol addiction, gambling addiction can change brain chemistry and structure and cause physical and psychological side effects. One of the main reasons why online gambling is so addictive is because it provides an instant and constant reward system. Unlike traditional gambling, where players have to physically go to a casino or betting shop and wait for the results of a game or race, online gambling platforms offer 24-hour access to a wide range of games and betting options.

This can be especially dangerous for people who are prone to impulsivity and risk-taking behavior, as they may find it difficult to stop gambling once they start gambling. Another problem with online gambling is that it is often associated with other mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. This is because people struggling with this condition may turn to gambling as a way to cope with negative emotions and feelings of isolation and loneliness. Unfortunately, gambling can exacerbate these problems by creating a cycle of addiction and debt that is difficult to break.

How to Get Out of the Snare of Online Gambling for Young People 

1. Intention to Stop Gambling 

Everything starts with intention. If you want to stop gambling, from now on make up your determination and will to stop this misleading game. If you have a strong determination, this can be the main capital and strength to be able to get rid of gambling forever.

2. Getting Closer to the Creator

The next step in stopping gambling is to draw closer to God. Regularly praying and reading scriptures calms the mind and prevents bad thoughts from making us gamble again.

Getting closer to the Creator also increases our level of faith. If you are determined to stay away from gambling and have faith, then no matter how interesting and tempting this game is, it will not be able to shake your decision to stop gambling forever.

3. Change your mindset 

The next way is to change your patterns and way of thinking. Remember, gambling is pointless. Changing your way of thinking is not as easy as turning your hand. Especially if your addiction is too serious.

If you really want to stop gambling, express that desire to the people around you who still care and love you. Ask for their support to motivate you to stop this bad habit.

The support of people around you will enable you to stop gambling. Apart from that, if you regularly discuss and exchange ideas with people you care about, your patterns and ways of thinking will get better as time goes by.

4. Gathering with Family

Spending a lot of time with your family will make you feel happy and not think about gambling. Support from those closest to you, especially family, is the best motivator to stop gambling forever.

5. Hang out with Good People

If you really want to stop gambling, avoid hanging out with people who encourage you to gamble. Find a new group of friends who provide a positive influence and help pull us out of the gambling trap. 

6. Changing Lifestyle

Young people who are addicted to gambling usually have a luxurious lifestyle and because of this lifestyle they get caught up in gambling. They always want to perform above their means, so they will do anything to fulfill this luxurious lifestyle, including gambling. If you really want to stop gambling, simplify your lifestyle now. 

Show and act according to your abilities. Don't force what you can't get. Life doesn't always require luxury. These things are just symbols, those who use them may not be rich and affluent people. They may be people who are trying to look rich when they are not. The bottom line is that as long as we can buy food, live and wear clothes without going into debt, we have enough money to live without having to earn extra money through illegal means, including gambling.

7. Looking for a New Hobby

Find other activities that are more rewarding, positive and challenging than gambling. You can adopt new habits and hobbies, such as exercising, traveling and reading books. New hobbies and habits will make you stop gambling and keep yourself busy.

8. Work hard

Working hard or keeping yourself busy with other positive activities will give you a little free time to daydream and think about gambling. Apart from that, by working diligently, it will be easier for you to pay off debts caused by gambling.

9. Paying Off Debt

Paying off gambling debts can motivate you to work harder and stabilize your family's financial situation. Stable economic conditions minimize the desire to play to earn more money.

10. Positive Thinking 

The most important thing to stop gambling is to always think positively. Don't think about things that make you depressed and stressed. Surrender your life to God. As long as you try to work, your life is fine.